SD releases 3 new wheats
South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Stations recently released three new wheat varieties: Advance, Forefront and Ideal.
Advance is a new hard red spring wheat. It has high yield potential, good test weight, adequate grain protein concentration and a late heading date. It is resistant to moderately resistant ratings for leaf rust, stem rust and bacterial leaf streak. In trials Advance, Briggs, Select, Steele-ND, Knudson and Traverse all produced statistically similar amounts of grain (about 48.5 bushels per acre).
Test weight of Advance (56.9 pounds per bushel) was similar to Brick and Select (56.9). Grain protein concentration of Advance (14.5%) was statistically similar to Brick (14.6%) and Traverse (14.4%). Advance (32.0 inches) is significantly shorter in height than Knudson (32.9 inches). Its heading date is about 0.5 day later than Steele-ND.
Greenhouse and field tests revealed Advance was resistant or moderately resistant when inoculated with regionally prominent leaf and stem rust races.
Most milling and baking quality parameters associated with Advance are adequate, and bread loaf volume is similar to Knudson, Select and Granger.
Forefront also is a hard red spring wheat. Forefront, Briggs, Granger, Brick, Select, Steele-ND and Knudson all produced statistically similar amounts of grain (about 49.5 bushels per acre) in yield trails. However, all seven cultivars produced less grain than Traverse (52.1 bushels per acre). Test weight of Forefront (57.8 pounds per bushel) was statistically similar to Brick (58.3), Select (57.6) and Steele-ND (57.3 pounds per bushel), though significantly greater than the remaining cultivars.
Grain protein concentration of Forefront (15.3%) was statistically similar to Steele-ND (15.3%) and Briggs (15.2%). All were significantly higher than Traverse (14.4%). Forefront (36.4 inches) is similar in height to Granger (35.8 inches) and Traverse (35.2 inches). Its heading date is about 2 days later than Brick.
Several field studies designed to measure FHB resistance levels have shown that Forefront is moderately resistant. Greenhouse and field tests have revealed that Forefront was resistant or moderately resistant when inoculated with regionally prominent leaf and stem rust races.
Forefront’s milling and baking quality characteristics are similar to Granger and Steele-ND, but superior to those of Traverse.
Ideal is a new hard red winter wheat. It is well-adapted to areas where the winter wheat cultivars Wesley and Overland are produced. It has an excellent stem and leaf rust resistance package. Ideal is more susceptible to fusarium head blight than Overland, but significantly more resistant than Wesley. It is moderately resistant to tan spot, moderately susceptible to stripe rust and susceptible to BYDV and WSMV.
Ideal also has excellent tolerance to acid soils and partial resistance to Hessian fly. It is of medium height, or about 2 to 3 inches taller than Wesley and similar in height to Overland.
It is a midmaturity type, typically flowering about two days later than Wesley. Winterhardiness and resistance to lodging are similar to Wesley.
Samples of Ideal from 2009 and 2010 were tested for milling and baking, and larger 2010 samples were also tested in Wheat Quality Council trials. In these tests, Ideal exhibited average to good milling quality and average to very good baking quality.
This article published in the March, 2012 edition of DAKOTA FARMER.